Supplications for Ramadan and Fasting
The Prophet (SAW) said, “There are three people whose supplication is not rejected: the fasting person until he breaks fast, the just leader, and the supplication of the oppressed.” (Narrated by Al-Tirmdhi and Ibn Majah)
Ramadan is a time that one should spend in regular supplication. During the fasting day, one can expect every sincere supplication to be accepted. It is also an excellent opportunity to learn supplications from the Qur’an and Sunnah to immerse oneself in their recital.
When learning supplications, one should take care to learn the exact Arabic words of the supplications that are from the Qur’an and the Sunnah with their meanings as the words are full of blessings and most effective as taught by Allah (SWT) and His Messenger (SAW). If one cannot learn the Arabic, then the English translation will suffice.
The time for breaking the fast is a special time for the acceptance of supplications, “Indeed the fasting person has, at the time of breaking fast, a supplication that is not rejected.” ‘Abdullah ibn Abi Mulaykah says, I heard ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘Aas say (RA) when he broke his fast,
‘O Allah I ask you by Your Mercy which encompasses everything, that you forgive me.’
(Narrated by Ibn Majah).
At these blessed times, any supplication asking Allah (SWT) for ones worldly and otherworldly needs is appropriate. The most effective however, are those taught to us by Allah (SWT) in the Qur’an and His Prophet (SAW) in the Sunnah. Make the most of these moments and open your heart to Allah (SWT). Don’t forget us in your duas.
Below is a selection of supplications, specific to Ramadan that we should all try to memorise and put in to practice. Other supplications that relate to our daily lives remain valid in Ramadan. These should be learnt from a good book of supplications if not known already.
Words of Intention for Keeping the Fast
Like in all actions, intention is the action of the mind hence nothing needs to be said if one’s mind is clear about one’s intention. Saying specific words can help focus one’s mind and has thus been recommended by scholars. There is no need for these words to be in Arabic unless you speak Arabic. The following is what should be in your intention:
“I intend to keep the fast tomorrow in the month of Ramadan.”
Duas For Breaking The Fast
“O Allah! I fasted for Your sake and I break fast with your sustenance.” (Narrated by Abu Dawud)
“The thirst has gone the veins are satiated and the reward is established, if Allah, exalted is He, has willed it.” (Narrated by Abu Dawud and al-Nasa’i)
When Insulted By Someone
The Prophet (SAW) said, “Fasting is a shield. So when one of you fasts, he should not speak obscenely nor behave ignorantly. If anyone fights him or insults him he should say, ‘I am fasting, I am fasting,’ twice.” (Narrated by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
During Ramadan, one should commit to acting according to this hadith no matter how much someone is testing one’s nerves.
On Lailat al-Qadr
Aisha (RA) asked the Prophet (saw), ‘If I come to know of Lailat al-Qadr, what should I say in it?’ He replied, ‘say,’
“O Allah, You are the one who pardons (sins), You love to pardon, so pardon me.”(Narrated by Al-Tirmidhi).
By Ustadh Sadique Ahmed